Lasers to treat gum diseases
- Chronic periodontitis treatment
- Treatment of common soft tissue concerns like soft tissue crown lengthening, Tissue retraction for impressions, frenectomy
- Decrease of denture hyperplasia and drug induced gingival overgrowth
- Depigmentation of gingiva
- As an adjunct to scaling and root planning called SRP
- For hemostasis
- Excisional and incisional biopsies
- Carbon dioxide laser,
- Nd: YAG laser and
- Diode laser
Lasers for Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis:
- The laser cut is more exact and accurate than that of any scalpel
- The cut is clearly seen initially because the laser seals off blood vessels and lymphatics leaving a clear dry field for the dentist to work on.
- The laser sterilizes as it cuts, which goes on to reduce the risk of blood-borne diseases
- Minimal postoperative pain and swelling for the patient which reduces recovery time
- Less postoperative infection because the wound is closed up with biologic dressing
- Less wound contraction during mucosal healing. This results in no formation of scars
- Less damage to the surrounding tissues.
The uses of soft tissue lasers in dental practice broadly fall into these categories:
2. Lengthening crowns,
3. Idealizing tooth proportionality, and
4. Resolving crown/height asymmetries
5. Frenectomy procedure.
Final aesthetic outcome of dental treatment are gingival shape and gingival contour. Gingival shape is all about the curvature of the gingival margin of the tooth. Gingival contour is different from gingival shape and refers to a more 3-dimensional description of gingival topography.
Reduction of denture hyperplasia and drug induced gingival overgrowth by lasers:
Depigmentation of gums by lasers:
Process for Gum Bleaching:
- The process depends on the degree, intensity and kind of discoloration.
- Local anesthesia is used and it is a painless procedure.
- What determines the use of laser treatment is the intensity and degree of discoloration the gum.
- If the discoloration is not really deep then no surgery is needed. Minor surgery and the use of lasers is enough.
- Curing is very rapid and the patient does not have to bear with any soreness or pain afterwards.
Lasers for Hemostasis
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